How shipowners have adapted to sulphur regulations – evidence from Finnish seaborne trade
T Solakivi, S Laari, T Kiiski, J Töyli, L Ojala – Case Studies on Transport, 2019
From the beginning of 2020, the IMO regulation limiting ships’ fuel sulphur content to 0.5% will become effective. This limit has been preceded by the Sulphur Emission Control Areas (SECA) already since 2015. The paper studies the impact of these on Finnish shipowners.
The impact of ice class on the economics of wet and dry bulk shipping in the Arctic waters
T Solakivi, T Kiiski, L Ojala – Maritime Policy & Management, 2018
Shipping in Arctic waters is subject to technical requirements posed by harsh ambient conditions. Vessels operating in ice-infested waters need reinforced hulls and more powerful engines, for example. This paper analyses the additional cost of ice imposed on wet and dry bulk shipping.
On the cost of ice: estimating the premium of Ice Class container vessels
T Solakivi, T Kiiski, L Ojala – Maritime Economics & Logistics, 2017
Cargo vessels navigating ice-infested waters have to comply with additional requirements including a strengthened hull and additional engine power, modifications that affect their operational economics. This paper analyses the additional cost of ice imposed on container shipping.
Merenkulun kansainvälisen ilmasto- ja ympäristösääntelyn vaikutukset Suomen elinkeinoelämälle; Repka, Ojala et al. (2017) Reports by the Council of State
Prof. Ojala is also engaged in several on-going maritime policy projects, such as:
MERLOG (2018-2019) Merenkulun logistiikan kehittäminen, a foresight study looking at possible fairway due structures in the 2020s; commissioned by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and its subordinated Agencies
MEROS (2018-2019) Merenkulun osaamisen kehittäminen, a foresight study looking at current and future skill and competency levels in the Finnish Maritime Cluster ; commissioned by the Council of the State